## Concrete stair reinforcement detail

Stairs provide access to the various floors of the building. The stair consists of series of steps with landings at appropriate intervals. The stretch between the two landings is called flight. The Space, where stairs are provided is called staircase. To make it ease in understanding, I am calculating the quantities of a staircase by dividing into components. Components of Staircase:- Waist slab: Waist slab refers to a slab of the stair that is inclining from the floor slab to the landing slab. Flight: The series of steps between floor and landing. Landing: The level of floor between flights. Step: The step consists of Riser and tread. Tread: The tread is the flat part that you step on. Riser: The riser is the vertical (up and down) part between each tread in the stairway.

## Construction cost estimating

Download this exemple of Sample Cost Estimate Worksheets Template in excel format.

Overall Estimating Assumptions

How was the estimated developed ?

i.e. elemental parametric method or using historical cost comparisons on relevant, similar projects i.e. was the estimate developed by project team or independantly

Explain other assumptions and how they may influence or impact costs?

i.e. Type of terrain - extreme, mountainous, rolling, level.

i.e. Geographic location within BC - Lower Mainland; Northern; Southern Interior; Vancouver Island etc. i.e. Development Density (ie.Urban, Suburban, Rural) impacts work complexity, traffic managment and utilities etci.e. Scope Uncertainty: What is the quality/quantity of available project information? current, complete, & accuratei.e. Overall complexity and constructability issues

Any other overall assumption or costing decisions to document ?

Project Management and Planning Calculations

How is planning and project managment cost determined as a % of total cost or some other method?

Design Calculations

Is design amount determined as a % of Construction or some other method?

Example: Calculated as a 7% of Grade Construction and/or 8% of Structural

Property Assumptions

What was the basis for determining property information and impacts?

What types of properties are involved (residential, commercial, industrial) ? And how many?

How was market values of the property established?

How are the variable costs determined? What's included? Is there an allowance for internal costs and legal fees? Attach property detailed sheets as necessary outlining calculations

Environmental Assumptions

Is the work within an sensitive area? Is this a CEAA project?

How was compensation value determined?

How much mitigation work is anticipated? How was it valued?

Construction Assumptions

What is the project delivery/procurement method? (Design-Bid-Build/Design-Build/Day Labour/P3/DBFO)  Is there a Design Criteria Sheet completed for the project?

Geotechnical information: What were the significant material assumptions: solid rock, boulders, mixed, dirt ?

__________________________________________________________________________________________A ssumptions Worksheet Page No. 1 - Cost Estimate for Project No. XXXX

Were there any structures included? How many watercourses were identified or assumed?

What was the assumed road cross-section? Material depths? Asphalt?

Detailed calculations for construction cost elements contained on estimate 'detail sheets'

i.e include 'detail sheets' outlining quantity calculations (based on most probable?)

i.e. provide explanation of unit prices (e.g. prices of similar projects, MOT cost data; labour, matr'l, equip) i.e traffic management considerations

i.e mobilization and demobilization considerations

Construction Supervision Calculation

How was the construction supervision determined?

Example: Calculated as a % of each Construction component (including contingency) as follows: Grading 7%, Operational and Other 8%, Structural and Paving 6.5%, and Environmental Compensation 8%

Risks Assessment

Was a comprehensive Risk Assessment conducted?

What are the major risk items? How were they identified and quantified?

How were these risks allowed for in the estimate? Are they covered by contingency or included in base Cost Elements

Contingency Assumptions

Was contingency applied as a set % basis or was a Risk Assessment conducted identifying and quantifying Risks?  Was contingency applied uniformly to all Cost Elements and project segments (Yes or No) ?

What is the amount or % that was applied ?

Is contingency based on the current level of project knowledge and associated risk to deliver the project scope ?

Inclusion and Exclusions

Is there anything NOT included in the estimate? (i.e. pre-project development costs etc.)

Is there anything specifically included in the estimate that may be unusual or not normally be part of project cost?

NOTE: The Assumptions Worksheet may differ depending the 'Level of Estimate' being prepared (conceptual, planningprelim, detailed, pre-tender) and the approach of the Estimator. This is a SAMPLE of areas and items to consider and  include. It is not an exhaustive list and/or may include items not applicable to all estimates.

## concrete beam design - Sample sheet xls

### Design of rectangle concrete with excel

The beam is rectangle shape and with or without compression reinforcement.

Tags :
concrete beam design xls
concrete beam design example
concrete beam design calculator
Shear Wall Design Based on ACI 318-02 - excel spreadsheet
concrete beam design excel
reinforced concrete l beam design
reinforced concrete t-beam design example
reinforced concrete beam design for torsion

## construction Cost Estimate

All material concerned :
Bricks, Sand, Crush, Steel, Cement, Mud, Shuttering for Roof, Tiles for Front, Grills, Glass, Lamination, ChipBoard, Ply, Wood, Gate, Flooring, Bathrooms, flooring, Doors (16), Civil Work, Elecrification, Sanitation, Paint, Carpenter, Glass ,Work

construction cost estimate template excel, construction cost estimate sample, construction cost estimate example, construction cost estimate format

## excel template construction estimate

Download this example of excel template construction estimate .You can fill in with your civil engineering and works site data.
free excel template construction costs, microsoft excel construction estimate template

## Download this example of Construction Cost Template in Excel, with estimated construction budget.

Cost Plan Workbook

Instructions

UC Component Cost Summary

Insert Project Title in Cell A1.

Insert Plant Account number in Cell E1.

Insert Date of Estimate in Cell E2.

Leave the CCCI in Cell E4 as XXXX, until information is provided by UCOP. Insert Overall Gross Square Feet (OGSF) for project in Cell G6.

In the shaded cells of Column E, enter construction cost from the cost estimate in thousands of-dollars (\$,000).

Complete the shaded inflation calculations using project schedule and estimated percentages  for annual inflation.

Specify the design contingency assumptions incorporated in the base component costs, as a  percentage in Cell B64.

Cost Plan Summary and P or W Submit. Cost Plan Summ

These forms are completed automatically with the information provided in the Component  Cost Summary worksheet and require no input.

Cost Conversion to CIB Format

In the shaded cells of Columns D, F, H, and J, enter the construction cost for those items that  are outside the construction contract and will be completed by the campus (i.e.,  telecommunications, builder’s risk insurance, etc.). Provide the description of the cost in  Column A.

The totals in Row 32 should match Lines 0, 1, 2, and 4 on your CIB.

Area and Control Quantities

Insert in the shaded areas of Column D the unit values of key control quantities (i.e.,  enclosed area, volume, elevators, etc.). This information needs to be provided either in this  worksheet or in the detailed cost estimate.

Tags : construction cost estimate template excel, construction cost worksheet excel, construction cost breakdown template excel,

## simple pop tv stand design

Find this collection of  pop design for lcd tv wall unit pictures hall Interior Design Tv Unit for Apartment Interior design. Discover gypsum board tv stand led tv fourniture for living room.

, pop tv unit design for hall 2022, latest pop tv stand design, tv pop design photo, p.o.p tv stand designs in nigeria, pop tv stand 2022, pop tv stand 2022, pop tv stand in nigeria, pop tv stand 2021, pop tv unit design for hall 2022, simple pop tv stand design, pop tv stand pictures, pop wall design, tv pop design photo.

## Construction budget template

Download this free excel construction template project management budget. You can edit this document with your project information.

### This is all project expenses

#### Acquisition - Land and/or Building

Acquisition - Land
Acquisition - Building

On-Site Work
Off-Site Work

#### Rehabilitation/Construction

New Construction Costs
Rehabilitation Costs
Construction Contingency         ( __%)
Fees and Permits

#### Professional Fees

Architect Fees -
Design/Supervision
Engineering
Accounting/Real Estate Attorney
Appraisal, Market Study, Environmental Report
Consulting, Cost Certification, Etc.
Other Contingency ( __%)

#### Developer's Fees

Developer's Fees
General Partner

#### Interim Costs

Construction Interest
Construction Loan Fee
Insurance, Title, Etc.
excel construction templates, excel template construction budget, excel template construction estimate, excel construction bid template, excel construction estimate template download free, excel construction proposal template, excel construction template

## RC - Cantilever Retaining Wall - Final

The details of a cantilever retaining wall are shown below, is the design of the wall satisfactory. Download this cantilever retaining wall design excel.

### What are the basic commands in AutoCAD?

This is a list of some of the most basic AutoCAD commands that every AutoCAD user should know. These are some drawing and modification commands, they form the basic knowledge of AutoCAD, if you are just starting to learn AutoCAD, then you should know all these basic commands.

• L: It can be used for making simple lines in the drawing.
• C: It is the command used for making a circle in AutoCAD.
• PL: This command can be used to make a Polyline in your drawing.
• REC: This command will make a rectangle in AutoCAD.
• POL: This command can be used to make a polygon with a minimum of 3 sides and a maximum of 1024 sides.
• ARC: As the name suggests, this command can be used to make an arc in AutoCAD.
• ELLIPSE: As the name suggests, this command can be used to make an ellipse with the major and minor axis.
• REG: This command can be used to make a region geometry in AutoCAD.
• CO: This command is used to copy the object(s) in AutoCAD.
• ARRAY: Using this command you can make a Rectangular, polar, or Path array.
• TR: This command is used for trimming geometry.
• OP: Using this command you can open the options window which contains most of the settings of AutoCAD.
• SC: This command is used to change the scale of an object.
• B: This command is used for creating a block, the properties of the block can be defined using the block definition window.
• I: This command can be used to insert an existing block or a drawing as a block in AutoCAD.
• ST: Using this command, you can open a text style window that controls properties of the default AutoCAD text style.
• X: This command can be used to explode objects like Polyline to simple lines, an array or a block to simple geometry, etc.
• F: This command can be used to add rounded corners to the sharp edges of the geometry, these round corners are also called fillets.
• CHA: This command can be used to add slant edges to the sharp corners, these slant edges are also called chamfers.
• LA: This command can be used to open layer properties manage palette which is a tool for creating and managing layers in a drawing.

### Keyboard Shortcut Keys

Keyboard shortcuts or hotkeys are the shortest and quickest way of activating some common AutoCAD operations or commands.

• Ctrl + N: You can use this shortcut to open a new drawing tab in AutoCAD.
• Ctrl + S: You can use this keyboard shortcut to save a drawing file.
• Ctrl + Shift + S: You can use this keyboard shortcut to save the drawing as a new file, in short, this is the hotkey for the “save as” command.
• Ctrl + 0: Clears screen to show only the drawing area and hides palettes and tabs. Press it again to reset the default AutoCAD interface.
• Ctrl + 1: Select an object and press Ctrl + 1 to open the properties palette which lists the properties of the object. You can use this palette to modify most of the properties of the object too. You can also use PR command to open the property palette.
• Ctrl + 2: You can use it to open the design center palette which contains many AutoCAD blocks that can be used directly in your drawing.
• Ctrl + 9: You can use this keyboard shortcut to toggle the visibility of the command line. If for some reason your command line is hidden from the drawing area, then use this keyboard shortcut to bring it back.
• Ctrl + C: Select objects from the drawing area and press Ctrl + C to copy to objects to the clipboard.
• Ctrl + V: To paste the copied objects of the clipboard in the drawing keeping their original properties, you can use this keyboard shortcut.
• Ctrl + Shift + V: To paste the copied objects as a block you can use this keyboard shortcut, the block thus created will have a random set of characters as names. You can use this keyboard shortcut to make blocks quickly without going through the creative block window.
• Ctrl + Z: This keyboard shortcut can be used to undo the last action in your drawing. You can press this shortcut key multiple times to undo many actions.
• Ctrl + Y: This keyboard shortcut can be used to redo the last undo action which you have performed.
• Ctrl + Tab: You can use this keyboard shortcut to cycle through all open drawing tabs in AutoCAD.

### How many commands are there in AutoCAD?

There are more than 150 unique shortcuts and commands in AutoCAD, and just seeing the number of them can quickly be overwhelming. Therefore, we have compiled a list of some of the most important things that beginners should learn. Unlike other articles on the web that cover lines, circles, and other very basic commands, we will study some unique commands that are very useful in the design process. let's start!

### How do I show all commands in AutoCAD?

1. In the upper left corner of the application window, at the right end of the Quick Access Toolbar, click the drop-down menu to display the menu bar.
2. At the command prompt, enter MENUBAR. Enter 1 to display the menu bar.