I have found an interesting site for you to convert a dwg file drawn on Autocad and georeferenced according to Lambert coordinates to a file usable on Google Earth, with kmz or kml extensions online. The site is as follows: https://mygeodata.cloud/result
This tool is simple to use online and requires knowledge of the local coordinate system. To do this, simply enter your country or go to the following site https://epsg.io/.
Sample general conditions contract for construction to download in doc format.
The Contract documents consist of: the Advertisement/Request For Proposal, Form of Proposal, Owner-Contractor Construction Agreement, General Conditions of Contract for Construction, Supplementary General Conditions of the Contract for Construction (and all Enclosures, Appendices and Exhibits thereto), Specifications, Drawings, and any Addenda issued prior to the execution of the Owner-Contractor Agreement and all Modifications thereto. A Modification is (1) a written amendment to the Contract signed by both parties, (2) a Change Order, (3) a written interpretation issued by the Architect pursuant to Subparagraph 2.2.5, or (4) a written order for a minor change in the Work issued by the Architect.
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The underwater concrete technology has historically evolved largely through a trial-and-error process of constructing marine works. Many outstanding examples exist of high quality concrete placed underwater. However, failures also occurred and led to excessive cost and/or schedule overruns. These failures were largely due to improper concrete mix design or improper placement. The problems may have occurred because proper underwater concrete construction techniques and experience have not been widely disseminated. This section focuses on technical issues of underwater concrete mix design, concrete production and placement, and quality control.
Equation of three moments The analysis of continuous beams subjected to transverse loading and to support settlement is very common in structural design, and it is useful to simplify the general force method approach to this particular case. The resulting expression is known as the equation of three moments. We may note that historically this equation, developed by Clapeyron, precedes the matrix formulation of the force method...
Final year project report in civil engineering. Project of MOSQUE.
A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. Muslims often
refer to the mosque by its Arabic name, masjid.
The Arabic word masjid means temple or place of worship and comes from the
Arabic root sajada (root "s-j-d," meaning to bow or kneel) which means he
worshipped in reference to the prostrations performed during Islamic prayers.
A mosque is symbolically very important to Muslims, and is a humble way for
man to recreate pure divine presence on earth. But mosques are not built
according to divine patterns (as is alleged by many other religions) -- they are
simply divinely guided. There are no very clear rules to what a mosque should
look like, indicated in the central religious scriptures.
Mandatory elements to the mosque are that it clearly must indicate the direction to
Mecca (this direction is called qibla). The indication is in most mosques a
mihrab, a niche in the wall. The area in front of the mihrab must be roofed. In the
wall of the mihrab there can be no doors.
Mosques are centre of cities, or of neighborhoods in cities. This function does not
always have to be structured, but can be connected to mentality, and the
establishment of a new mosque often makes a centre emerge. This mechanism was
strong in older days, but is becoming more and more unusual.
The Architect is required to provide services in respect of the following :
1.1 Site evaluation and assessment.
1.2 Interior design _ space planning/ development & volumetric study.
1.3 Architectural additions and alterations.
1.4 Design of fixed items of work, loose furniture & interior related civil works.
1.5 Illumination design.
1.6 Sound and acoustic design.
1.7 Graphic design and signage.
1.8 Indoor plants cape.
1.9 Selection of materials, equipment and other interior related elements.
1.10 Integration of all Engineering services.
1.11 Periodic inspection and evaluation of works at site...
GENERAL OBLIGATIONS OF THE ARCHITECT
The Architect shall upon the execution of the agreement;
5.1 Issue comprehensive drawings and all necessary details and other information required by the
Contractor for the proper carrying out of the Works.
5.2 Expeditiously supply information, instructions and interpretations required or requested by the
Contractor to ensure the timely carrying out of the Works.
5.3 Issue all necessary approvals and certificates and take other required action as soon as
5.4 Where the Architect is required under the contract to exercise his discretion by giving his
decision, opinion, consent or approval or by taking any other action which may affect the
rights and obligations of the Employer or the Contractor, he shall exercise such discretion
impartially within the terms of the contract. 6.0 GENERAL OBLIGATIONS OF THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR
The Quantity Surveyor shall, upon the execution of the agreement;
6.1 Expeditiously provide the necessary advice, opinion, assessment, measurements, computations,
or valuations as the case may be of any matter required of him under these conditions. While
giving advice, opinion, assessment, measurements, computations or valuations, he shall carry
out the task impartially within the terms of the contract.
Specifications of building is that portion of the Contract Documents consisting of the written requirements for the materials, equipment, systems, standards and workmanship for the Work and performance of the related services”.
The following photorealistic figure shows the foundation of the building.
The foundation elements of this building are the spread footings, the Foundation beams and the strip foundation.
Source of pictures : http://debug.pi.gr/default.aspx?ch=1
FOR PREPARING A TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT PLAN (TMP)
of a detail Traffic Management Plan and proper implementation of measures
identified in the approved plan is essential to ensure the safety of all road
users as well as the workers at site. It would also assure the smooth operation
of the road network as well as the work site.
Description of the proposed works and lane/road closures.
Identification and assessment of traffic impacts of proposed works.
traffic management measures to ameliorate the impacts of proposed works.
Assessment of public transport services affected.
of provisions made for emergency vehicles, heavy vehicles, cyclists and
Assessment of effect of proposed traffic management measures on traffic
movements in adjoining streets.
Proposed public/ tenant notification process if required.
TMP EXPLANATORY NOTES
1. Description of the proposed works and
should be provided of the proposed works on road and the closure type (number
of lanes and the length of road affected from the works and the number of lanes
available for through traffic).
2. Identification and assessment of traffic
impacts of proposed works:
assessment would include approximate traffic flow data (eg light
vehicles/heavy vehicles /pedestrians etc) for the affected road area.
Assessment should also include possible impacts onadjoining properties (access,
on-street parking etc.).
3. Detail traffic management measures to
ameliorate the impacts of proposed works:
should be provided of the proposed measures (traffic controllers, part
closures, detours etc.) to minimise the impact of proposed road/lane
closures on other road users.
4. Assessment of public transport services
should be provided of public transport services affected and the provisions
to minimise the impact on public transport services.
5. Details of provisions made for emergency
vehicles, heavy vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians:
should be provided of provisions (measures/notifications) made for
affected emergency vehicles, heavy vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians.
6. Assessment of effect on proposed traffic
management measures on traffic movements in adjoining streets:
assessment would include forecasted traffic flow data for roads and
intersections of adjoining roads. Specific attention should be made to the
streets where traffic is proposed to be detoured.
7. Proposed public/ tenant notification
consultation process with the public/ other tenants directly affected by the
proposed works and road closures.
1. The TMP
should include following details:
Location of road occupancy/proposed works
Street name and
Map of where on
Name and address
of the applicant
On site contact
On site contact
Schedule date and
time of commencement of works
and time of completion of works
approval is granted for the proposed works the applicant must prepare a Traffic
Control Plan (TCP) that complies with OH & S requirements to protect
the safety of
well as the road users.
some smaller work sites/occupancies, the Traffic Control Plan can be submitted
as the Traffic Management Plan.
4. If the
works/road occupancy cannot go ahead because of adverse weather conditions or
other unforseen circumstances, the applicant may reapply for another date using
the same Traffic Management Plan. Providing that there are no changes to the
original application, BAC needs to check wether the new date conflicts with any
other road developments or road occupancies/road closers in the area.
Moment connections are designed to transfer bending moments, shear forces and sometimes normal forces. The design strength and stiffness of a moment connection are defined in relation to the strength and stiffness of the connected members. The design strength of a moment connection may be full- strength (i.e. the moment capacity of the connection is equal to or large than the capacity of the connected member) or partial-strength (i.e. the moment capacity of the connection is less than that of the connected member). Similarly the stiffness of a moment connection can be rigid or semi-rigid compared to the stiffness of the connected member.
The rotation capacity of the structure may be provided by either the connection or the connected member.
"PILEGRP" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of analysis of pile groups with rigid caps using the "elastic method". Specifically, the properties of the pile group are calculated, and then based upon the applied vertical and horizontal loadings, the vertical and horizontal pile reactions are calculated. There is also a worksheet to check beam and punching shear in the pile cap for a single corner pile, for the purpose of estimating the required pile cap thickness and subsequent pile cap weight.
This lecture note constitutes the limitstate method of design for members
subjected to combined stress resultants asper stipulations of the draft IS: 800 –
LSM version where the draft code has dealt mainly with i) combined shear and
bending ii) combined axial tension and bending and iii)combined axial
compression and bending. These are explained in detail. The effect of reduction
in bending moment capacity has been explained. The effect of lateral torsional
buckling has also been explained. The concept of overall strength determination
has been explained. The effect of relevantfactors including equivalent uniform
moment factor has been discussed.
Concept of limit state design of beam columns
Design of members subjected to combined forces
beam column examples
Beam column connections....
Compression members are structural elements primarily subjected to axial compressive forces and hence, their design is guided by considerations of strength and buckling. While pedestal, column and wall carry the loads along its length l in vertical direction, the strut in truss carries loads in any direction. The letters l, b and D represent the unsupported vertical length, horizontal lest lateral dimension, width and the horizontal longer lateral dimension, depth. These compression members may be made of bricks or reinforced concrete. Herein, reinforced concrete compression members are only discussed.
M/s. Burooj Properties have appointed M/s. Al Ain Consulting Engineers LLC to estimate the Construction Cost for 10 projects located at Abu Dhabi &a mixed used Development Project located at Sharjah Marina. The cost estimate calculation is done based on the Affection Plans and Highest& Best Used (HBU) received from M/s. JLL.
I. Calculating Material List for Concrete and other construction mat
A. Basic Data
B. General Formula
C. Material list Calculation
II. Calculating Material for Masonry
A. Basic Data
B. Stone Masonry Material Requirement
C. Brick Masonry for Super-Structure
D. Hollow Block Masonry for Super Structure
A. Cement Mortar
B. Compo- Mortar
C. Light weight screed
A. Roofing out of corrugated iron sheet nailed on wooden truss
B. Roofing out of corrugated Asbestos on wooden truss
C. Roofing out of EGA sheet on steel truss
V. Carpentry and Joinery
VI. Metal works VII. Pointing VIII. Plastering IX. Rendering X. Floor & wall tiles, skirting and window sill
B. Wall Tiles
D. Window Sill
XI. Glazing XII. Painting XIII. Damp proofing and water proofing
A. Wall dump proofing
B. Slab dump proofing
C. Roof dump proofing
XIV. Sanitary Work
B. Sanitary Equipment
XV. Electrical installation / Electrical materials XVI. Site work
B. Road construction (Flexible pavement) out of asphalt
C. Man - hole
XVII. Fence work
Calculating Labour Requirement
XVIII. CALCULATING UNIT PRICES (ANALYSIS OF RATES)
Current price of construction material
LABOUR COMPOSITION AND AVERAGE PRODUCTION RATE IN BUILDING CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES
LABOUR IN PUT AND PRODUCTION RATE FOR THE PRODUCTION AND CASTING OF CONCRETE WORKS
CALCULATING UNIT PRICE
It is essential that the steel reinforcement bars are surrounded sufficient impermeableconcrete to protect them from corrosion, and to allow the combined strength of the reinforcement and concrete to be effective.
Pre-Concrete Checks for Reinforcement:
The pre-concrete check for reinforcement essentially comes in two parts. The first part is a visual inspection by the clerk of works or equivalent.
Many of the contaminants in water and wastewater contain matter in the colloidal form. These colloids result in a stable “suspension”. In general the suspension is stable enough so that gravity forces will not cause precipitation of these colloidal particles. So they need special treatment to remove them from the aqueous phase. This destabilization of colloids is called “coagulation”.
Lesson 1 : Objectives and Methods of Analysis and Design
At the end of this lesson, the student should be able to:
• state the four objectives of the design of reinforced concrete structures,
• name the three methods of design of concrete structure and identify the best
method of design,
• state the basis of the analysis of the structure,
• express the design loads in terms of characteristic loads in limit state and
working stress methods,
• define the characteristic load,
• name the different loads, forces and effects to be considered in the design,
• state the basis of determining the combination of different loads acting on the
Lesson 2 : Properties of Concrete and Steel
At the end of this lesson, the student should be able to:
• know the properties of concrete inrespect of strength, deformation and
• know the properties of steel used as reinforcement in concrete structures
•understand the importance of quality control, inspection and testing of
concrete and steel in several steps from its basic preparation to the removal
of formwork after the construction
• recommend the acceptance of good concrete based on sample test of
specimens, core tests, load test and non-destructive tests